On May 17th I posted a bug in Mozilla's bugzilla trouble ticket system, regarding X.509 certificates which aren't retrieved via LDAP on a connection which requires credentials. This has been biting me quite a bit and I've finally found a solution.
I offer limited LDAP directory services to clients who connect over SSL. The
service is limited in as much as the number and types of attributes which are
returned to the clients are limited as well as the number of entries. To this
effect, an OpenLDAP proxy server with a
back-ldap backend fronts the
connections from the Internet as proxies them in to an internal directory
server (also OpenLDAP).
The configuration of the proxy is quite simple and well documented in slapd- ldap. Here is my configuration:
include /usr/local/etc/openldap/schema/core.schema include /usr/local/etc/openldap/schema/cosine.schema include /usr/local/etc/openldap/schema/inetorgperson.schema include /usr/local/etc/openldap/schema/custom.schema pidfile /var/run/slapd.pid argsfile /var/run/slapd.args loglevel 256 allow bind_v2 TLSCACertificateFile /usr/local/etc/openldap/chain.pem TLSCertificateFile /usr/local/etc/openldap/pub.crt TLSCertificateKeyFile /usr/local/etc/openldap/priv.key TLSVerifyClient never database ldap uri "ldap://in1.example.com/ ldap://in2.example.com/" suffixmassage "ou=People,o=EXT" "ou=People,dc=example,dc=com" suffix "ou=People,o=EXT" map attribute "display-name" "displayname" map attribute uid * map attribute cn * map attribute sn * map attribute givenname * map attribute mail * map attribute telephonenumber * map attribute usercertificate;binary * map attribute * map objectclass person * map objectclass inetorgperson * map objectclass * lastmod off access to dn.base="" by * read access to dn.base="cn=Subschema" by * read access to attrs=userpassword by anonymous auth # Allow anon access to the usercertificate. The attrs= must # contain the entry! access to dn.children="ou=People,o=EXT" attrs=entry,objectclass,usercertificate;binary by anonymous read by users read by * none access to * by users read by anonymous auth
When an authenticated client performs an LDAP search, all works well. This can
be tested with the ldapsearch utility (do remember to use
ldaps://hostname) or by configuring Mozilla Thunderbird appropriately and
setting credentials for the bind (DN of the user and password).
Upon performing address-book queries, Thunderbird contacts the server, binds as the user and does it search. Upon composing a new message in Thunderbird, the logs on the LDAP proxy show the request:
conn=43 op=0 BIND dn="cn=smith,ou=people,o=ext" method=128 conn=43 op=0 RESULT tag=97 err=0 text= conn=43 op=0 BIND dn="cn=smith,ou=people,o=ext" mech=SIMPLE ssf=0 conn=43 op=0 RESULT tag=97 err=0 text= conn=43 op=1 SRCH base="ou=people,o=ext" scope=2 deref=0 filter="(|(cn=smith*)(mail=smith*)(sn=smith*))" conn=43 op=1 SRCH attr=cn mail conn=43 op=1 SEARCH RESULT tag=101 err=0 nentries=2 text=
Iff the user now chooses to encrypt that message, upon hitting the Security button in the compose window, Thunderbird tries to fetch the userCertificate for that address. Notice how the LDAP server logs an anonymous bind!
conn=57 op=0 BIND dn="" method=128 conn=57 op=0 RESULT tag=97 err=0 text= conn=57 op=1 SRCH base="ou=people,o=ext" scope=2 deref=0 filter="(email@example.com)" conn=57 op=1 SRCH attr=usercertificate;binary conn=57 op=1 SEARCH RESULT tag=101 err=0 nentries=1 text= conn=57 op=2 UNBIND conn=57 fd=10 closed
In order for this anonymous bind to get through, I've added an ACL to the proxy configuration as seen above; this allows the proxy to return the binary userCertificate to the client.